This 2×2 ribbing is shown specifically for back of cardigan ‘Pecan Crush‘. It begins with a p1 and ends with k1. If you are grafting 2×2 ribbing that begins with k1 then work steps 4 and 6 and then move on to 2×2 ribbing.
Thread a tapestry needle with the yarn. Hold both needles parallel to each other. It can be helpful to lay them on a table in the position they need to be worked in.
When I’m working grafting once I get into the rhythm I just find myself chanting the method, I’ve put this short hand in brackets underneath each section!).
Starting Purl Stitch
(2 set up sts, knit, purl, then, Front: Purl, purl; Back: Knit, Knit).
First Knit Stitch
(Front: Knit, Purl; Back: Purl, Knit).
Second Knit Stitch
(Front: Knit, Knit; Back: Purl, Purl).
First Purl Stitch
(Front: Purl, Knit; Back: Knit, Purl).
Second Purl Stitch
(Front: Purl, Purl; Back: Knit, Knit).
Repeat steps 1 to 16 until you have reached the last stitch, work steps 1 to 4 once.
Take care to pull yarn carefully through worked stitches periodically. Make sure you do not work it too tight; it should look like a knitted stitch. If the stitch gauge is loose you will need to keep the grafting loose to match the work.
You will see that there is a half stitch jog that is normally not noticeable when working grafting (as it is only visible when you change stitch type). If you work the grafting with a good stitch tension it will allow the graft to draw in together and looks like the remaining ribbing and the offset cannot really be seen.